Sikh identity, England and Wales : Census 2021

This small article provides bespoke analysis for the Sikh population using Census 2021 data. We refer to people who identified as Sikh as those who stated their religion, ethnic group, or both as Sikh on Census Day 21 March 2021.

This includes people who selected the “Sikh” tick-box under the religion question. It also includes people who reported “Sikh” through one of the write-in responses under any of the five high-level ethnic group categories.

Main points

525,865 people identified themselves as Sikh in Census 2021 (0.9% of the usually resident England and Wales population).

426,230 people identified as Sikh through the religion question alone, 1,725 through the ethnic group question alone and 97,910 through both questions in combination.

Home ownership rates were high among people who identified as Sikh, with most residents reporting owning their home outright or with a mortgage, loan or shared ownership (77.7%), compared with 62.7% of the England and Wales population.

Just under one in three people who identified as Sikh lived in multi-family or multi-generational households (29.9%) compared with 11.1% of the England and Wales population.

People who identified as Sikh were more likely to be married than the England and Wales population (61.0% and 44.4%, respectively) and were more likely to have married younger.

The most common main language for people who identified as Sikh was English (English or Welsh in Wales) at 62.1%, compared with 91.1% of the England and Wales population. The second-most common main language for those who identified as Sikh was Panjabi (36.6%).

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